Computer science primarily involves addressing fundamental questions and issues about the nature of computing and designing programs (computer software). It also involves many different aspects of hardware and the architecture of computer systems that form the infrastructure of government and commercial enterprises. Therefore, computer scientists can work in many different ways; programming work, theoretical work on foundations and fundamentals of computing and collaborative teamwork in solving problems and research.
Core areas of computer science
The main areas of computer science include graphics networks, software engineering, artificial intelligence, networks, graphics, and multimedia. The most exciting new topics in computer science are also occurring in the connection between computer science and various other fields. For instance, computer science has changed the way scientists conduct biological research through the intersection of computer science and biology creating a new field called Bioinformatics. Moreover, computer simulations have made it possible to study complex problems in economics, geology, physics and chemistry which were quite difficult especially without computers.
Top ten computer science careers
1. Software Applications Developer
The main duties in this field include customizing or designing computer application software and modifying existing application software to correct errors or optimize operational efficiency. Software developers also evaluate user needs and requirements to determine software feasibility.
2. Business Intelligence Analyst
They usually analyze market trends and strategies by analyzing competitors. They also correct data from industry reports, purchased sources and public information to produce trend data and business intelligence to support a recommendation for any plan of action.
3. Computer Systems Analyst
Their role is analyzing various data processing problems so as to improve computer systems and develop system design procedures. Easy sharing of information is enhanced by the systems compatibility.
4. Computer Systems Engineer
Daily duties include developing solutions to complex network concerns and application problems. They also provide technical assistance for troubleshooting different computer systems to confirm security and stability of system architecture.
5. Web Developer
Duties include writing, editing, and designing web page content. They also identify problems that are uncovered by user feedback or testing.
6. Network systems administrator
Main duties include installing and supporting network systems and examining website functions to ensure performance without any interruptions. They also perform disaster recovery and data backup operations.
7. Database Administrator
Duties include testing and administering computer databases and enhancing security to safeguard information. This is also vital for correcting errors and coordinating changes to computer databases
8. Computer programmer
They are tasked with creating and testing codes that allow computers to function properly and analyzing user needs so as to develop effective software solutions. Besides writing computer programs, they can also locate and retrieve data.
9. Software quality assurance tester
Duties include developing test plans that can help identify software defects and creating a database to track software errors. Therefore, they must review software documentation to mitigate risks and confirm accuracy.
10. Software systems developer
Their duties mainly include designing, developing and testing software for different industries. Software system developers can also correct errors and improve performance of existing software.
Computer science careers open numerous doors to the thrilling world of technology. On the other hand, understanding what the different careers in this field will help you validate your decision to pursue a degree and career in computer science.